Islamic Art VI 2009
Islamic Art Volume VI (2009) looks primarily toward the Muslim East, with studies on early metalwork, Ottoman tilework of the 20th century, in a setting in the north of England, no less, and on classical carpets collected by the Medici in Florence. Three studies consider material forms Muslim princes promoted to project power, including architecture and book illustration. Buy this book
Preparing our customary Editors’ Note for this sixth volume of Islamic Art, we are struck by the many developments that have shaped the issue you hold in your hands. Buy this book
To begin with, it is not the volume so long intended. What had been envisioned as an already-large component of Volume VI instead grew so large that the wiser course seemed to publish it separately: the first supplement to Islamic Art, The Painted Ceilings of the Cappella Palatina, by Ernst J. Grube and Jeremy Johns, appeared in 2005. A detailed examination of the complex iconographical content of the paintings which decorate the celebrated ceilings of this building, erected by order of the Norman King of Sicily around 1140, it seeks to identify the multitudinous sources of these paintings. They range from the Ancient Near East and the Classical world to Romanesque Europe but are overlaid by myriad Islamic forms and manners, especially those developed in the Maghrib and Fatimid Egypt. Unique as a pictorial cycle, the ceilings of the Cappella Palatina may now be seen as an extraordinary and unique fusion of Eastern and Western traditions taking place near the very edge of the Western Islamic world.
If Supplement I to Islamic Art focuses on the medieval period in the Muslim West, Volume VI looks primarily toward the Muslim East. In it are studies on metalwork from the earliest Islamic
periods to Ottoman tilework of the 20th century—in a setting in the North of England, no less, and on carpets of the great classical period collected by the Medici in Florence. Three studies consider the most significant material forms by which Muslim princes proclaimed paramount positions of power: the building, or modifying, of architectural monuments, and the illustrating of historical texts. Two more studies of images look, first, at those in manuscripts from that most fascinating century of Timurid and Turkman rule; and, then, at the transition from manuscripts illustrated by hand, to printed books with lithographed illustrations. And there is bibliography, the first set of “additions and corrections” to the extensive bibliography that appeared in the published papers of a symposium (held in Edinburgh in 1990) exploring aspects of the iconography of the arts of Islam, published in 2005 as Image and Meaning in Islamic Art and edited by Robert Hillenbrand.
Wide-spread as the contributions to Volume VI may appear to be, they nonetheless share connections that may not immediately be evident. Preparing the volume for publication, the primal
place of one monument in the collective memory of Muslim culture was seen as ever more evident: the Haram al-Sharif, the Dome of the Rock, in Jerusalem. Function, form, and exterior decoration of this ultimately unique, and still crucially significant, monument of early Islam are variously addressed: it is cited by Joachim Gierlichs as one example of Muslim “victory monuments;” it is discussed at some length by Laura Parodi as a highly significant precursor—both formally and notionally—for a development in Muslim India for which, so she argues, the Tomb of Humayun marks one important stage, the practice of circumambulating saintly tombs. And the 20th-century restoration of its 16th-century Ottoman tile facade, originally commissioned by Qānūnī Süleyman—Sulayman the Magnificent—as Lavinia Davies recounts, lies behind the contemporaneous tile-revetment of a room in Sledmere House.
The name of Sulayman evokes another theme addressed within Volume VI, the primacy of the great Eastern empires of the 16th century. The studies by Marco Spallanzani, Serpil Bağcı, and, again, Laura Parodi, all emphasize their importance in this century, as well as the westward breadth of their reach and influence.
The third connecting theme of Volume VI is that of technology. Géza Fehérvári considers the variety of metal objects held in one private collection that are made of “white bronze,” haft jūsh, an
alloy of relatively recent recognition; he discusses the material components that partly shape the range of its forms, uses, and decoration, as well as examining the formal sources and parallels shared by “white bronze” objects and similar wares of other metals—even other materials, notably glass and ceramic. And technology is the fulcrum on which Ulrich Marzolph’s meticulous account of the 18th and 19th-century Iranian illustrations to tales in the Kalīlah wa Dimnah tradition turns: the introduction of lithography as an inherently repetitive replacement for individually drawn and colored illustrations, and its effect on the illustrative element of the tales associated with the jackals Kalilah and Dimnah.
Barbara Brend’s “Brownish Study” connects entirely different lines of pictorial transmission within the Timurid period, suggestively linking the figure of Sultān Ahmad Jalāyir to a class of peculiarly puzzling manuscripts and pictures from much later in the century; moreover, she offers it as a prelude to the Festschrift for Ernst Grube that will be a future supplement to Islamic Art.
Since Volume V appeared in 2001, both producer and distributor are new. Saffron Books, and Sajid Rizvi, distribute Supplement I: The Painted Ceilings of the Cappella Palatina, and will continue to handle forthcoming volumes of Islamic Art and future supplements. And we have transferred the work of production to England and Melisende Publishing, under the direction of Leonard Harrow.
Indeed, Islamic Art could be seen as one small paradigm for what is nothing less than the technological revolution of the past three decades: Volume I was produced traditionally, in movable type with its considerable set of illustrations laid out by individual sizing; Volume VI has been entirely electronic. If the process has not been without attendant problems—usually of interface and competence—we may also observe that the speed of communication between us and our contributors, in the past months, is only one obvious advantage of this remarkable technology. That all the authors herein published, especially those who have been waiting for some years to see their studies in print, have remained so generously patient and good-natured throughout the process is deeply appreciated by the Editors: we are immensely grateful to them all.
We are also profoundly grateful to Dr. Alessandro Bruschettini, President of the Bruschettini Foundation for Islamic and Asian Art in Genoa, for his continuing forbearance and his faith that, in
moving to Melisende Publishing and the UK, we should so quickly be able to produce this large, lavishly illustrated volume. We thank Leonard for his calm and patient tutelage, for practiced advice, and for the sheer pleasure of working with someone who knows the languages of our field and the world our authors write about! We thank the friends and colleagues who have offered photographic assistance at very short notice: pictures taken by the late Estelle Whelan were made splendidly available by Sheila Blair and Jonathan Bloom, while Warwick Ball and Sir Christopher Sykes also provided photographs at virtually the last moment; all enhance the sense of place for the architectural monuments studied within this volume, from Yorkshire to Diyarbakır and Bukhara.
Since the publication of Islamic Art V in 2001, we must also record many losses to our professional community. Among contributors to past issues, we note that the long and productive life of B. W. Robinson, doyen of the study of Persian painting, came to an end in the last days of 2005; Marianne Barrucand succumbed in 2008 to a long illness. Other notable deaths in these years include: Johanna Zick-Nissen (2001); cAbdel-Racuf cAli Yousuf (2002); Umberto Scerrato (2004); Godfrey Goodwin (2005); Boris Marshak (2006); Stuart Cary Welch (2008); Patricia Baker (2008); and, most recently, one of our best-loved colleagues, Ralph Pinder-Wilson, who passed away just 3 months short of his 90th birthday, in October of 2008, and to whose memory Lavinia Davies’ study in this issue is dedicated.
Lastly, we also record the deaths of two friends, both special colleagues and firm supporters who, in various ways, made possible the first appearance of Islamic Art: Professor William Watson,
then Director of the Percival David Foundation of Chinese Art at the University of London, had in 1979 offered the forum of the 10th in his series of Colloquies on Art & Archaeology in Asia, for a parallel volume that would enlarge the usual format of the Colloquy; and Mehdi Mahboubian, our first sponsor.
Bill passed away in the spring of 2007, and Mehdi in 2005, a quarter of a century after his generous gift made possible our first volume—which had been printed by movable type. His passing, as do all the others noted with sorrow above, signals in so many ways the passing of an era: we mourn them all and extend our sympathies to their families.
London, April 2009
TABLE OF CONTENTS | Buy this book
- EDITORS’ NOTE xi
- COLOUR PLATES xv
- HIGH TIN BRONZE OBJECTS IN THE TAREQ RAJAB MUSEUM IN KUWAIT | Géza Fehérvári 1
- A VICTORY MONUMENT IN THE NAME OF SULTAN MALIK-SHĀH IN DIYARBAKIR: MEDIEVAL FIGURAL RELIEFS USED FOR POLITICAL PROPAGANDA? | Joachim Gierlichs 51
- A BROWNISH STUDY: THE KUMRAL STYLE IN PERSIAN PAINTING, ITS CONNECTIONS AND ORIGINS | Barbara Brend 81
- CARPETS AT THE MEDICI COURT IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE 16TH CENTURY 99 | Marco Spallanzani 99
- VISUALIZING POWER: PORTRAYALS OF THE SULTANS IN ILLUSTRATED HISTORIES OF THE OTTOMAN DYNASTY | Serpil Bağcı 113
- THE POSTHUMOUS PORTRAIT OF HADRAT JANNAT cASHĪYĀNĪ: DYNASTIC, SAINTLY, AND LITERARY IMAGERY IN THE TOMB OF HUMAYUN | Laura E. Parodi 129
- THE TURKISH ROOM AT SLEDMERE HOUSE: MARK SYKES AND THE EARLY 20TH-CENTURY TILE-MAKERS OF KÜTAHYA | Lavinia Davies 159
- THE LITHOGRAPHED KALILAH WA DIMNAH: ILLUSTRATIONS TO TALES FROM THE KALILAH WA DIMNAH AND ANWAR-I SUHAYLI TRADITION IN LITHOGRAPHED EDITIONS OF THE QAJAR PERIOD | Ulrich Marzolph 181
- ADDITIONS AND CORRECTIONS TO “ICONOGRAPHY IN ISLAMIC ART” AND “A BIBLIOGRAPHY OF ICONOGRAPHY IN ISLAMIC ART” | Ernst J. Grube 215 | Buy this book